Human development index
Mexico is characteristically divided into the north and south in terms of the human development index. Usually, the northern and Yucatan peninsula states often reveals HDI values that are rated as medium or higher in comparison to southern states. This is relatively due to the huge disparities in the levels of education (Economic freedom). Chile has risen to number 40 on the human development index according to the UN. According to this index, Chile is the highest ranking nation in Latin America followed by Argentina. This index normal incorporates data from factors such as education, health, as well as the general standards of living. Chile has been gradually rising since 1980 (Economic freedom). The rapid improvement in Chile’s HDI is due to its emphasis on encouraging foreign direct invest and use of modern technology in most of its economic sectors. Chile has illustrated how a strong emphasis on human development and pragmatic policies from government can create opportunities in the economic environment facilitated by globalization.
Population and growth
As at July 2014, Mexico was estimated to have a total population of about 123,799,215 people. The total population of the country is estimated to account for about 1.7% of the entire global population. Moreover, Mexico is ranked at number 11 in terms of its population density in the world. Over the years the population has been growing at an alarming rate, which is estimated to be 1.2% annually (Vargas-Hernàndez, & Noruzi). As at January 2016, the total population of Chile was estimated at 18.05 million people. This represented an increase of about 1.07% in comparison to the population the previous year. The average annual increase in population is estimated at 0.9%. The population density in the country is estimated at 23.9 persons per every square kilometer, which is significantly lower than that of Mexico (IndexMundi).
The state with the guidance of the PPACA puts effort to offer affordable health care to vulnerable populations. The issuance of affordable healthcare entails offering discounts on some form of medication and to some groups of people who are not in a position to raise the right amount. Apart from offering health services at relatively affordable fees, the bodies and individuals in charge of offering services to these groups work towards offering quality health services that may have positive effects on patients’ health and general well-being (Boothe, 2014). An example of a program that seeks to improve the health of citizens who belong to the lower class is the Obamacare that was initiated by the President in 2010 Murdock (2012). The program treats every citizen as equal when receiving medical aid, and forbids any form of special favor or preference when receiving or offering medical aid. A report by Murdock (2012) shows that health provision in vulnerable populations has improved in the recent past thanks to the introduction of the program that now takes effects in all the states.
Challenges in Improving Health Services in Vulnerable Populations
The government in its attempt to improve delivery of health services in vulnerable communities faces some hardships that make it difficult to satisfy the needs of all vulnerable individual who need healthcare. Cutler, Rosen & Vijan (2006) write that the government incurs a lot of money to buy enough drugs and medical equipment that would provide enough services for every person in need. The government also spends millions of dollars to hire practitioners who would reach all places where citizens need medical assistance. Apart from financial constraints, it becomes difficult to offer medical intervention to groups of people who lack the right knowledge on how they can get medical care and on what circumstances. Lack of knowledge forces some individuals to use old-fashioned ways of managing diseases, which further puts them at the risk of contracting other ailments (Cutler, Rosen, & Vijan, 2006).
Possible Solutions to the Challenges
According to Cutler, Rosen, and Vijan (2006), the state and bodies that take charge of offering health care to the vulnerable communities should utilize some possible solutions to minimize the difficulties that come with offering quality health services to vulnerable communities. The government, for instance, can cut spending on certain areas that are not very necessary to amass the right amount of money that would finance massive health programs (Cutler, Rosen & Vijan, 2006). The country can also seek for financial assistance from other nations or international health institutions such as the World Health Organization (WHO). The government and institutions that offer health services to vulnerable communities can also embark on public education processes to sensitize the public on what they can do to get assistance when they notice any form of health abnormality.
The government through the guidance of the PPACA has plans to advance the Medicare and Medicaid Scheme, and to offer affordable yet quality health services in vulnerable groups. The efforts by the country show that it values the health of its citizens regardless of their tribulations or affiliations. Even though some challenges may hinder the process from running smoothly, suitable interventions can help to come up with useful solutions that would overcome the tribulations. Otherwise, every individual should put some effort to improve their health status by acquiring knowledge on risks, symptoms, and possible intervention methods.