The state with the guidance of the PPACA puts effort to offer affordable health care to vulnerable populations. The issuance of affordable healthcare entails offering discounts on some form of medication and to some groups of people who are not in a position to raise the right amount. Apart from offering health services at relatively affordable fees, the bodies and individuals in charge of offering services to these groups work towards offering quality health services that may have positive effects on patients’ health and general well-being (Boothe, 2014). An example of a program that seeks to improve the health of citizens who belong to the lower class is the Obamacare that was initiated by the President in 2010 Murdock (2012). The program treats every citizen as equal when receiving medical aid, and forbids any form of special favor or preference when receiving or offering medical aid. A report by Murdock (2012) shows that health provision in vulnerable populations has improved in the recent past thanks to the introduction of the program that now takes effects in all the states.
Challenges in Improving Health Services in Vulnerable Populations
The government in its attempt to improve delivery of health services in vulnerable communities faces some hardships that make it difficult to satisfy the needs of all vulnerable individual who need healthcare. Cutler, Rosen & Vijan (2006) write that the government incurs a lot of money to buy enough drugs and medical equipment that would provide enough services for every person in need. The government also spends millions of dollars to hire practitioners who would reach all places where citizens need medical assistance. Apart from financial constraints, it becomes difficult to offer medical intervention to groups of people who lack the right knowledge on how they can get medical care and on what circumstances. Lack of knowledge forces some individuals to use old-fashioned ways of managing diseases, which further puts them at the risk of contracting other ailments (Cutler, Rosen, & Vijan, 2006).
Possible Solutions to the Challenges
According to Cutler, Rosen, and Vijan (2006), the state and bodies that take charge of offering health care to the vulnerable communities should utilize some possible solutions to minimize the difficulties that come with offering quality health services to vulnerable communities. The government, for instance, can cut spending on certain areas that are not very necessary to amass the right amount of money that would finance massive health programs (Cutler, Rosen & Vijan, 2006). The country can also seek for financial assistance from other nations or international health institutions such as the World Health Organization (WHO). The government and institutions that offer health services to vulnerable communities can also embark on public education processes to sensitize the public on what they can do to get assistance when they notice any form of health abnormality.
The government through the guidance of the PPACA has plans to advance the Medicare and Medicaid Scheme, and to offer affordable yet quality health services in vulnerable groups. The efforts by the country show that it values the health of its citizens regardless of their tribulations or affiliations. Even though some challenges may hinder the process from running smoothly, suitable interventions can help to come up with useful solutions that would overcome the tribulations. Otherwise, every individual should put some effort to improve their health status by acquiring knowledge on risks, symptoms, and possible intervention methods.
Human health plays a significant part of life, and it is paramount to take measures that would guarantee every individual a good health. The United States federal government puts effort to provide equal healthcare to every individual, though it is acceptable that some American communities still lack proper health care. The government in its response to the poor health services has initiated a series of actions and programs that pursue to expand the delivery of health care services in vulnerable populations. The government has put in place effective health policies to advance health services to vulnerable populations and has also invested in expanding Medicare schemes in these populations. Currently, there are over 46 million people who are unable to access health care in the U.S due to lack of health insurance. As a result, they have to pay huge amounts of money to providers to access health care. The government has addressed the issue of health care accessibility through the enactment of the Affordable Care Act (2010) that requires all employers to provide health care insurance to their employees. The policy also provides for free preventive and expansion of capacity to serve more members in the population who previously could not access quality and affordable health care.
Description of the Problem
Despite the efforts and objectives in the US to eradicate or reduce segregation in health care issues by 2010, significant inequalities in areas such as healthcare, mortality, and morbidity is still evident in vulnerable populations. For instance, investigations by Mechanic & Tanner (2007) show that Americans who live in low economic and social conditions have more probability of contracting illness, and are also less likely to have encountered certain types of medical service. The vulnerable groups in the US that have little chances of accessing better health services include racial and ethnic minorities, economically disadvantaged, the homeless, the elderly, people living with HIV, and those with chronic health ailments (Mechanic & Tanner, 2007). Vulnerable groups in the US also include people who live in rural areas and have difficulties accessing health services.
Interventions by the Federal Government
The government recognizes the challenges that vulnerable communities encounter in the attempt to acquire better health services and medication. The state, for instance, has created the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) which advocates for the provision of better health services within the vulnerable community (Murdock, 2012). The policy calls for the concentration on three major areas that the government feels would be of significance in eradicating cases of segregation when offering health care to vulnerable communities.
The PPACA calls for the expansion of Medicare services to improve healthcare delivery at the national level, and in vulnerable populations (Murdock, 2012). The team in charge of the expansion strives to improve health services through the coming together of different institutions through sponsorship programs. The Medicare and Medicaid Scheme that form a major component of the act takes charge of paying medical bills for individuals who come from a poor background, and for persons who come from other vulnerable groups.
Apart from expanding the Medicaid and Medicare Scheme, PPACA calls for the increase in health insurance coverage for vulnerable populations that form part of a large population that lacks health insurance covers (Murdock, 2012). The PPACA advocates for the issuance of health insurance to individuals who live in states such as Missouri, Florida, Kansas, Wyoming, and Ohio that have large numbers of vulnerable populations. The scheme makes it simple for people who belong to vulnerable groups to have access to free medication programs, which contributes towards the effective provision of services to vulnerable groups. The act works towards lessening the conditions necessary to acquire health insurance and hopefully, this initiative will help to minimize cases of segregation in offering health services.